Diabetes isa group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose (blood sugar). When aperson has diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or isunable to use its own insulin effectively.
- Type 1 – Affects 5 percent of people with diabetes. There is no know prevention andusually affects children/young adults.
- Type 2 – Affects 95 percent of people with diabetes. Healthy eating, regular physical activity and medication ifprescribed can prevent or delay onset of Type 2 diabetes. It is usually diagnosed later in life, but isnow being found in children and young adults.
- Gestational – Affects 2-10 percent of pregnant women and leads to a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes.
- Minorities are at higher risk.
- Diabetes can lead to complications, such as heart disease, stroke, visionloss, kidney failure, and amputations of legs or feet.
Here are just a few of the recent statisticson diabetes:
- Nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes.
- Another 79 million Americans have prediabetes and are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.
- The American Diabetes Association estimates that the total national cost of diagnosed diabetes in the United States is $174 billion per year.
- The cost of caring for someone with diabetes is $1 out of every $5 in total healthcare costs.