Information provided by Charlie Friesen with Obstetricians and Gynecologists, P.C.
Summer to fall can be an especially tricky time for the skin.
May seem counterintuitive, but breakouts can actually increase during the fall season.
- Oil flow that takes place in the skin during the summer months is still occurring, plus layers of dead skin cell buildup due to cooler air and cumulative sun damage from summer sun. This traps oil and bacteria beneath the surface of the skin, which leads to an increase in breakout activity.
- On top of this, skin may start to require more hydration and you're perhaps dealing with sun spots and uneven skin tone caused by sun exposure
Here are the top tips to help you with the transition:
Keep wearing SPF even though days are shorter and temps are cooler, sun still has aging and oxidative effects on the skin.
- 90% of visible aging is caused by the sun - that's 90% of all spots, wrinkles, sagging
- A good broad-spectrum SPF will protect from both UVA and UVB rays
- Remember, UVA rays transmit through clouds and window glass to penetrate the skin's layers so just because you're inside more doesn't mean you're exempt from photodamage! (I often see sun damage worse on the left side of the face from driving)
- UV rays aren't the only rays that cause sun spots, infrared rays do too
- I love this one because it also goes beyond UVA and UVB protection (meaning that it's a broad-spectrum) and ALSO defends against harmful end-of summer IR which can be a trigger a kind of hormonal hyperpigmentation called melasma
- The best SPF is one that you'll wear! Look for one that absorbs quickly and easily, doesn't leave white residue, spreads evenly without lumps, and doesn't feel greasy
- I mentioned that sun exposure and cooler air thickens the skin's top layers, the epidermis and stratum corneum causing thick, dull skin and breakouts.
- Exfoliation means buffing away those dead skin cells and mimicking the natural, youthful ability of the skin to "turn itself over" (shed off old cells) bringing back a fresh glow and encouraging fresher, plumper cells to form
- Helps to lift skin discoloration, allows the active ingredients in your skincare regimen to penetrate better and your makeup to go on smoother.
- Exfoliation will help with both but don't be too aggressive! I love the HydraFacial because it exfoliates without creating microtears in the skin and nourishes the epidermis with anti-aging and hydrating serums simultaneously
3. Tweak your products
- Talk to your esthetician about adjusting your regimen to correct challenges.
- Maybe you'll need to use a gel cleanser in the morning and a lotion-based one at night, go with a heavier moisturizer, use a product with brightening ingredients and something like phytic acid to even out sun damage and hyperpigmentation
- And of course, drink lots of water and take advantage of all the antioxidant- and mineral- rich produce in season like kale, pomegranate, squash, apples and sweet potato.